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Domain Name Registration, Who, What, Where and How to Register a Domain Name

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Domain Name Registration, How to Register a Website

You’ve chosen your domain name and now you want to register the name. Well, the only safe way to register a domain name is to use the services of a domain name registrar as these are the only people permitted to conduct domain name registration, that is to access and modify the master database of domain names maintained by ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) which contains the documentation on all of the domain names registered to date.

  • You can research your domain name choices at any of the registrars listed in my article, Where to Register Domain Names. Most of these registrars provide domain name registration, domain name hosting, FREE domain name search facilities and some even give you a FREE domain name if you accept their domain name hosting package.

If you find an organisation selling domain name registration who are not on the list of accredited registrars they are either;

  • acting as a reseller for one of the accredited registrars as only an accredited registrar has the ability to modify the database of domain names, or
  • selling pre-registered domain names.

Until 1999, Network Solutions (NSI) was the only domain name registrar, but today there are dozens of accredited registrars to chose from. ICANN accredited registrars are authorised to assign domain names for the global Top Level Domains (gTLDs). ICANN does not, specifically accredit registrars to provide registration services for country code Top Level Domains (ccTLDs).

National Country Code Top-Level Domain (ccTLD) are handled by local accredited registrars. This is why, you have to go to different Whois registrars for registration and registry information sometimes. Nominet is the Internet registry for .UK domain names.

  • There are no fixed (public) costs involved in registering a domain name so the registrar you choose will determine the cost of registering. This can lead to considerable savings, so shop around.

When registering your domain name, you can expect to pay a yearly fee, with some registrars offering large discounts if you register for more than one year with a maximum 10-year registration contract allowed for any domain name.

The registrar will require you to provide contact and technical information which is stored in a public registry which can be accessed publicly to find information about your website registration. While it may seem like a privacy issue, be honest when supplying the contact information to a registrar or you may have difficulties later as the registrar can cancel a contract and resell the domain name if they cannot contact an actual person to settle any legal issues arising (highly unlikely).

  • There are many laws that regulate the registration of domain names, such as registering a copyrighted name or registering a domain name for the sole purpose of stopping someone else using it. Check with your domain name registrar for the laws that affect how you register your domain name.

If you want a domain name and are not sure if it has already been taken, you can check a Whois server that keeps track of all the registered domain names such as those at, interNIC, NomiNET or registrars such as GoDaddy.

You can research your domain name choices at any of the registrars listed in my article, Where to Register Domain Names. Most of these registrars provide domain name registration, domain name hosting, FREE domain name search facilities and some even give you a FREE domain name if you accept their domain name hosting package.

Common Questions and Answers (FAQ)

Contents

How Do I Register a Domain Name?

Domain names can be registered through any of the designated registrars who compete with one another for your custom. A list of all ICANN accredited registrars can be found here.

The registrar you choose will ask you to provide various contact and technical information for registration purposes. The registrar will then keep records of the contact information and submit the technical information to a central directory (database) known as the registry. This registry provides the necessary data to enable other systems on the internet to find your web site or send you email.

How Long Does Domain Name Registration Last?

With regards domain name registration, each registrar has the flexibility to offer initial and renewal registrations in one-year increments, provided that the maximum remaining unexpired term does not exceed ten years. Nominet, registrations are in two year increments.

Will My Domain Registration Details Become Publicly Available?

Information about who is responsible for domain names is publicly available to allow rapid resolution of technical problems and to permit enforcement of consumer protection, trademark, and other laws. The registrar will make this information available to the public on a “Whois” site.

What is a Domain Name Registrar?

A domain name registrar is an entity, accredited by ICANN or by a ccTLD authority, to manage the reservation of Internet domain names in accordance with the guidelines of the designated domain name registries and offer such services to the public.

Are Domain Name Registrations By Non Accredited Registrars Legitimate?

If you find an organisation selling domain name registration who are not on the list of accredited registrars they are either;

  • acting as a reseller for one of the accredited registrars as only an accredited registrar has the ability to modify the database of domain names, or
  • selling pre-registered domain names.

ICANN recommends you deal directly with an accredited registrar. See, Where Can I Find a List of ICANN Accredited Registrars.

Which Registrar Registered My Domain Name?

To access information regarding registered domains; please go to the InterNIC Registry Whois Service. For some top-level domains, the results of a successful search will contain only technical information about the registered domain name and referral information for the registrar of the domain name. Please refer to the registrar’s Whois service for additional information.

Can I Change Registrars After Registering a Domain Name?

Your domain name registrar can be changed 60 days after initial registration. For details on the domain transfer process contact the new registrar.

What is the Domain Name System (DNS)?

The Domain Name System (DNS) helps users to find their way around the Internet. It is used to translate unique dot delimited numeric addresses, known as an IP address (Internet Protocol address), in the form NNN.NNN.NNN.NNN into words and vice versa.

  • The Domain Name System is a simple mnemonic method designed to make remembering Internet addresses easier.

Every device on the Internet has a unique IP address, just like a telephone number. As you can image numeric IP addresses are hard to remember. To overcome this problem the Domain Name System makes using the Internet easier by allowing a familiar string of letters (the domain name) to be used instead of the numeric IP address. So instead of typing 207.151.159.3 to browse to InterNIC’s website you can type, www.InterNIC.net.

Who Regulates the Domain Name Industry?

The domain name industry is regulated and overseen by ICANN.

Who is IANA

What Does the Acronym IANA Stand for?

What is the IANA Root Zone Database?

The acronym IANA stands for, Internet Assigned Numbers Authority.

IANA is responsible for the operation and maintenance of a number of key aspects of the DNS, including the root zone, and the .int and .arpa domains. For more information on IANA, please visit the IANA website, http://www.iana.org/

The Root Zone Database represents the delegation details of top-level domains, including gTLDs such as “.COM”, and country-code TLDs such as “.UK”. As the manager of the DNS root zone, IANA is responsible for coordinating these delegations in accordance with its policies and procedures.

The IANA Root Zone Database can be found here, http://www.iana.org/domains/root/db/

Much of this root zone data is also available via the Whois protocol at http://whois.iana.org.

Who is ICANN?

What Does the Acronym ICANN Stand for?

The acronym ICANN stands for, Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers.

ICANN is a not-for-profit organisation which was formed to manage and coordinate the Domain Name System (DNS), to ensure every IP address is unique and that all users of the Internet can find all valid addresses. ICANN was formed to assume responsibility for IP address allocation, protocol parameter assignment, domain name system (DNS) management, and root server system (RNS) management functions, which were previously performed under US Government contract by IANA and other entities.

  • ICANN oversees the distribution of unique IP addresses and domain names and ensures each domain name maps to the correct IP address.
  • ICANN is also responsible for accrediting the domain name registrars.

ICANN is not responsible for many issues associated with the Internet, such as financial transactions, Internet content control, spam (unsolicited commercial email), Internet gambling, data protection and privacy.

For more information about ICANN, please visit the ICANN website, http://www.icann.org/

Where Can I Find a List of ICANN Accredited Registrars

A list of all ICANN accredited registrars is available here, http://www.icann.org/registrar-reports/accreditation-qualified-list.html

Who is InterNIC?

What Does the Acronym InterNIC Stand for?

The acronym InterNIC stands for, Internet Network Information Centre.

The InterNIC website is operated by ICANN to provide the public information regarding Internet domain name registration services. InterNIC was an U.S. government agency that has been effectively replaced by ICANN.

You can visit the interNiC Whois page here, http://www.InterNIC.net/whois.html

The interNIC directory of registrars can be found here, http://www.InterNIC.net/regist.html

You can view a list of Domain Name Registrars Sorted by Country here, http://www.InterNIC.net/origin.html

Whois Nominet?

NomiNET UK is the not-for-profit organisation dedicated to managing the .uk domain registry database (the Internet registry for .UK domain names). They maintain the register of .UK domain names and run one of the world’s largest Internet registries, managing over eight million domain names. Nominet also operate a Whois server from their home page.

The NomiNET website can be found here, http://www.nic.uk/

The NomiNET Whois server can be found here, http://www.nic.uk/

What is a TLD (Top Level Domain)?

What Do the Acronyms TLD, gTLD and ccTLD Mean?

The acronym TLD stands for Top Level Domain, gTLD stands for global Top Level Domain and ccTLD stands for country code Top Level Domain.

A TLD (Top Level Domain) is a domain extension or suffix, the last portion of a domain name. For example, the domain name KINGSOLUTIONS.COM is part of the .COM Top Level Domain.

The domain name system (DNS) is organised in a hierarchy going from right to left. The highest level is the root (the empty domain which technically comes after the Top Level Domain), followed by the Top Level Domain, and then by subsequent domains.

There are two types of Top Level Domains. The most common type is gTLDs (generic Top Level Domains) , such as .COM, .NET, .ORG.  The other type of TLD is the ccTLD (country code Top Level Domain) which is assigned to all countries and their dependencies (ex., United Kingdom is .UK). Every TLD Registry, generic or country code, has its own prices, policies, and procedures that Registrants (domain name holders) in that Registry are subject to. It is important to know and be prepared to accept these terms before registering name(s) in a particular Registry. The most commonly registered names are in the .COM, .NET, .ORG, and .BIZ, gTLD’s.

What are the Rules for Registration of gTLD Names?

The rules vary depending on the nature of the gTLD. For an overview of all gTLDs, see http://www.icann.org/registrar-reports/accredited-list.html. You can get additional information on how to register gTLD names by contacting an ICANN-accredited registrar.

Are gTLD Names Available for Registration On a Global Basis?

Global Top Level Domains (gTLD) are available for registration by Internet users anywhere in the world. Jus out of interest, you will also find that ICANN-accredited registrars are located in various countries around the world.

Are ccTLD Names Available for Registration On a Global Basis?

What are the Rules for Registering in ccTLD Domains?

Country Code Top Level Domains (ccTLD) are NOT available for registration by Internet users anywhere in the world.

Each of these suffixes (i.e., .UK, .DE, .JP, etc.) correspond to a country, territory, or other geographic location. The rules and policies for registering ccTLDs vary significantly and a number of ccTLDs are reserved for use by citizens of the corresponding country.

Some ICANN-accredited registrars provide registration services for the ccTLDs, but, ICANN does not accredit registrars or set registration policies for ccTLDs. For details about ccTLD registration policies, you should contact the designated country code manager.

•           You can view a list of all delegated ccTLDs and their designated managers in the Root Zone Database.

Domain Name Registration, Who, What, Where and How to Register Conclusion

You can research your domain name choices at any of the registrars listed in my article, Where to Register Domain Names. Most of these registrars provide domain name registration, domain name hosting, FREE domain name search facilities and some even give you a FREE domain name if you accept their domain name hosting package.Well, I hope you found something useful and enjoyed this article, Domain Name Registration, Who, What, Where And How To Register. Don’t forget to let me have your thoughts in the comment box below. See you soon.


KingSolutions.org.uk is hosted on JustHost

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